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Fraser Health Patient Education Materials - Emergency

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  • Ear Infection - Otitis Media (Child) [English] Public

    The middle ear is the space behind the eardrum. It can become infected by bacteria or viruses. An infection of the middle ear is also called otitis media (say: oh-TIE-tis MEE-dee-uh). The eustachian (say: you-STAY-shun) tube connects the middle ear to the back of the throat, and helps vent and drain the middle ear. An ear infection happens when mucus or swollen tissues from a cold block the eustachian tube. When the tube is blocked, the middle ear is not ventilated well and the air pressure changes can cause pain. This is much like the ear pain that happens on take-off or landing in an airplane. Sometimes the blockage does not let the normal ear fluid drain properly. This fluid can become infected and build up in the middle ear. This puts pressure on the eardrum and makes it bulge, which causes pain. Audio available. (English)


    Body Location:
    • Ear, Nose, and Throat
    Diagnosis and Therapy:
    • Symptoms
    Disorders and Conditions:
    • Infections,
    • Infant/Childrens Health
    • Infection,
    • Pain,
    • Ear Pain,
    • Mucous,
    • Ear,
    • Pain Management,
    • peds,
    • pediatric,
    • earache,
    • Eardrum
    • Otitis Media,
    • Ear
    • Children,
    • Infants,
    • Teen/Adolescent,
    • Toddlers
    • Fraser Health
    • MICY
    Professional or Practice Group:
    • Nursing,
    • Medicine
    Paper Size:
    8.5 x 11 Letter
    Paper Colour:
    Title Page Paper Colour:
    No fold
    Reproduction Rights:
    Linking Policy:
    Record Type:
    Revision Date:
    October 16, 2009
    Next Revision Date:
    October 16, 2015
    Record Created:
    June 10, 2013
    Record Modified:
    April 27, 2019
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